Arche­o­log­i­cal Evi­dence of the For­ti­fied Cities by the East Sea

This evi­dence is based on the Six Sea Mod­el
http://​bookof​mor​monev​i​dence​.blogspot​.com/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​a​l​m​a​-​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​-​2​2​-​b​o​m​-​m​a​p.html

I will be using the Hopewell mound for­ti­fi­ca­tions found in New York State and Penn­syl­va­nia for arche­o­log­i­cal evi­dence for the for­ti­fi­ca­tions described in Alma Chap­ter 50 and refor­ti­fied in Alma Chap­ter 52. E.G Sqi­uer and Charles Whit­ney described these for­ti­fi­ca­tions before many of the sites were destroyed by farm­ers and set­tlers in the 18th and 19the cen­tu­ry. First is a visu­al descrip­tion of as described in the Book of Mor­mon and a com­par­i­son between Charles Whit­ney and E.G Squiers descrip­tions.

Moroni needs to pre­pare the Nephite ter­ri­to­ries from con­sis­tent attacks by the Laman­ites. One area in par­tic­u­lar needs par­tic­u­lar atten­tion that would be the east wilder­ness. Through the Nia­gra isth­mus the Laman­ites would have access to the Land North­ward Boun­ti­ful and Jer­shon. Moroni (Alma Chap­ter 50) clears out the Laman­ites from the east wilder­ness and has the Nephites occu­py the land and build for­ti­fi­ca­tions. Moroni (Alma Chap­ter 52) refor­ti­fies the area from attack.

http://​bookof​mor​monev​i​dence​.blogspot​.com/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​a​l​m​a​-​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​-​5​9​-​b​o​m​-​m​a​p.html
http://​bookof​mor​monev​i​dence​.blogspot​.com/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​a​l​m​a​-​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​-​5​2​-​b​o​m​-​m​a​p.html

archeological-fortified-cities

east-7

east-10

east-12

These are the descrip­tions of the for­ti­fi­ca­tions that the Nephites built

Con­cern­ing this line of for­ti­fi­ca­tions Charles Whit­tle­sey said: That they formed a well occu­pied line, con­struct­ed either to pro­tect the advance of a nation land­ing from the lake (Lake Erie) and mov­ing south­ward for con­quest; or, a line of resis­tance for a peo­ple inhab­it­ing these shores and pressed upon by their south­ern neigh­bors. (Quot­ed in R. Sil­ver­berg, Mound Builders of Ancient Amer­i­ca, p. 116.)

E.G Sqi­er stat­ed: Sys­tem of Defens­es extend­ing from the sources of the Alleghe­ny and Susque­han­na in New York, diag­o­nal­ly across the coun­try, through cen­tral and north­ern Ohio, to the Wabash. (Ancient Mon­u­ments, p. 44.)

Charles sec­ond descrip­tion for the rea­son­ing behind these for­ti­fi­ca­tions match­es the rea­son­ing for Moroni to build these for­ti­fi­ca­tions. The Laman­ites attacked from the areas south of these for­ti­fi­ca­tions or the low­er part of New York state. Moroni secured the land north­ward and a sec­ond entry in the land Boun­ti­ful.

(Glenn Chap­man helped in the com­pi­la­tion of sources)

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Jeff Burr
September 20, 2016 9:53 am

Thank you for shar­ing your ideas, I appre­ci­ate your dri­ve and pas­sion in spread­ing your the­o­ries. I’m not sure, but I’m wor­ried that you’re expe­ri­enc­ing what is known as “Con­fir­ma­tion Bias”. I also accept the fact that I may also be a vic­tim of con­fir­ma­tion bias on the oth­er end of the spec­trum here, I think it’s worth look­ing deep­er for more find­ings or arti­facts in the area. The way I see it, and I’m just try­ing to be hon­est here, is that Joseph used the area around him as inspi­ra­tion for the set­ting of the Book of Mor­mon. Joseph knew the maps of this area very well and he had a very active imag­i­na­tion as a child and a fas­ci­na­tion for the native peo­ple (accord­ing to his moth­er). Maybe you’re right, maybe you’re wrong. Who knows? All I know is that there is more sci­en­tif­ic evi­dence against the Book… Read more »

Jeff Burr
Reply to  Dave Mack
September 20, 2016 12:11 pm

I can see how evi­dence lines up to show the con­sis­ten­cy of the Book of Mor­mon, espe­cial­ly if you over­look cer­tain infor­ma­tion that would lead you to a dif­fer­ent con­clu­sion. Your first link on DNA: The blog admits the dates of the X2a’j mark­er are a prob­lem, but then focus on shapes instead. The real­i­ty is that the X2a’j genet­ic mark­er, accord­ing to sci­en­tists much smarter than either of us, is between 14,000 and 20,200 years old. This is thou­sands of years before the time of Nephi, it’s even old­er than the earth (accord­ing to my sem­i­nary teacher). Also, men­tion­ing it as the “5‑ton ele­phant in the room” reminds me of Ether 9:19 which says ele­phants were in North Amer­i­ca at the time of Omer. Your sec­ond link on Hopewell: Again, the blog seems to leave out a few points in order to prove the the­o­ry true. The first point that… Read more »

Jeff Burr
Reply to  Dave Mack
September 20, 2016 3:36 pm

To fur­ther dri­ve the point about DNA and the Book of Mor­mon: This is from Wikipedia: “Sub-group X2 appears to have under­gone exten­sive pop­u­la­tion expan­sion and dis­per­sal around or soon after the Last Glacial Max­i­mum, about 21,000 years ago”. It seems like you’re jump­ing to con­clu­sions about the cul­tur­al prac­tices of a com­mu­ni­ty of which you have almost no knowl­edge. See­ing com­mon shapes or designs would require a mas­sive leap in log­ic to reach your con­clu­sions. Your first link does­n’t have any sources, but a Google Image search of the pic­tures returns the Moundville Archae­o­log­i­cal Site. The Wikipedia page, which is backed up by sci­en­tif­ic sources, does not men­tion Hebrew or Jew­ish con­nec­tions in any way. Using this log­ic, one could say Hin­duism and Occultism have Hebrew ori­gins because the use of a Hexa­gram. Your sec­ond link jumps to sim­i­lar con­clu­sions. How many cul­tures have sacred build­ings? I think it might… Read more »

Robert Oldale
Robert Oldale
Reply to  Dave Mack
March 25, 2019 1:09 am

Iran? Does­n’t that sound famil­iar? 70 years cap­tive in baby­lon: Iran? Come on.…..