Arche­o­log­i­cal Evi­dence of the For­ti­fied Cities by the East Sea

This evi­dence is based on the Six Sea Mod­el
http://​bookof​mor​monev​i​dence​.blogspot​.com/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​a​l​m​a​-​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​-​2​2​-​b​o​m​-​m​a​p​.​h​tml

I will be using the Hopewell mound for­ti­fi­ca­tions found in New York State and Penn­syl­va­nia for arche­o­log­i­cal evi­dence for the for­ti­fi­ca­tions described in Alma Chap­ter 50 and refor­ti­fied in Alma Chap­ter 52. E.G Sqi­uer and Charles Whit­ney described these for­ti­fi­ca­tions before many of the sites were destroyed by farm­ers and set­tlers in the 18th and 19the cen­tu­ry. First is a visu­al descrip­tion of as described in the Book of Mor­mon and a com­par­i­son between Charles Whit­ney and E.G Squiers descrip­tions.

Moroni needs to pre­pare the Nephite ter­ri­to­ries from con­sis­tent attacks by the Laman­ites. One area in par­tic­u­lar needs par­tic­u­lar atten­tion that would be the east wilder­ness. Through the Nia­gra isth­mus the Laman­ites would have access to the Land North­ward Boun­ti­ful and Jer­shon. Moroni (Alma Chap­ter 50) clears out the Laman­ites from the east wilder­ness and has the Nephites occu­py the land and build for­ti­fi­ca­tions. Moroni (Alma Chap­ter 52) refor­ti­fies the area from attack.

http://​bookof​mor​monev​i​dence​.blogspot​.com/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​a​l​m​a​-​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​-​5​9​-​b​o​m​-​m​a​p​.​h​tml
http://​bookof​mor​monev​i​dence​.blogspot​.com/​2​0​1​6​/​0​9​/​a​l​m​a​-​c​h​a​p​t​e​r​-​5​2​-​b​o​m​-​m​a​p​.​h​tml

archeological-fortified-cities

east-7

east-10

east-12

These are the descrip­tions of the for­ti­fi­ca­tions that the Nephites built

Con­cern­ing this line of for­ti­fi­ca­tions Charles Whit­tle­sey said: That they formed a well occu­pied line, con­struct­ed either to pro­tect the advance of a nation land­ing from the lake (Lake Erie) and mov­ing south­ward for con­quest; or, a line of resis­tance for a peo­ple inhab­it­ing these shores and pressed upon by their south­ern neigh­bors. (Quot­ed in R. Sil­ver­berg, Mound Builders of Ancient Amer­i­ca, p. 116.)

E.G Sqi­er stat­ed: Sys­tem of Defens­es extend­ing from the sources of the Alleghe­ny and Susque­han­na in New York, diag­o­nal­ly across the coun­try, through cen­tral and north­ern Ohio, to the Wabash. (Ancient Mon­u­ments, p. 44.)

Charles sec­ond descrip­tion for the rea­son­ing behind these for­ti­fi­ca­tions match­es the rea­son­ing for Moroni to build these for­ti­fi­ca­tions. The Laman­ites attacked from the areas south of these for­ti­fi­ca­tions or the low­er part of New York state. Moroni secured the land north­ward and a sec­ond entry in the land Boun­ti­ful.

(Glenn Chap­man helped in the com­pi­la­tion of sources)

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